Skip to main content

Schedule An Appointment Call Us 812-213-4088

Menu
Book Exam
Directions
Insurance
Home » Your Eye Health » Eye Diseases » Macular Degeneration » Forms of Macular Degeneration

Forms of Macular Degeneration

There are two forms of macular degeneration, dry (non-neovascular) or wet (neovascular). The term neovascular refers to the growth of new blood vessels.

Dry AMD (non-neovascular)

Dry AMD is the most common form of the disease, making up about 85%-90% of all cases of AMD. It is characterized by blurred central vision or blind spots, as the macula begins to deteriorate. Dry AMD is an early stage of the disease and is less severe than the wet form,.

Dry AMD occurs when the aging tissues of the macula begin to thin out and break down. Tiny pieces of white or yellowish protein called drusen begin to appear, which are thought to be deposits from the macular tissue as it deteriorates. The appearance of these drusen are often what leads to a diagnosis of AMD during an eye exam.

With dry AMD vision loss happens gradually, however, the dry form can progress to wet AMD rapidly. There is currently no cure for dry AMD, however there is research that shows that some people can benefit from supplemental vitamin therapy including antioxidants, lutein and zeaxanthin.

Wet AMD (neovascular)

Wet AMD is less common occurring in only about 10 percent of those with AMD. AMD is classified as Wet AMD when abnormal blood vessels begin to grow under the retina and leak fluid and blood into the macula, resulting in blind spots and a loss of central vision. Wet AMD can cause more damage to vision and permanent scarring if not treated quickly, so any sudden blur in vision should be assessed immediately, especially if one is aware that they have AMD. Usually vision loss happens faster and is more noticeable than in dry AMD so the quicker it is treated, the more vision you can preserve.

x

We appreciate your patience as we maintain our office procedures and schedule to keep everyone as safe as possible. In accordance with the CDC we will continue to practice social distancing and limiting the number of patients in our office. The following guidelines will in place through July 4, 2020:

· Office Door will remain locked

· Only scheduled appointments will be permitted into the building. Anyone with you will be asked to wait in their vehicle.

· UPON ARRIVAL, PLEASE CALL 812-476-2020 FROM YOUR VEHICLE AND WE WILL USHER YOU IN FOR YOUR APPOINTMENT.

· If you have glasses or contacts to pick-up, please call 812-476-2020 and we will either ship glasses to you or provide “curb-side” pick-up.

· All staff, doctors, and patients must wear a face mask while in the office. If you do not have one, we will provide one for you.

· Adjustments, Repairs, or eyeglass purchases (without exam) must schedule an appointment. Days and times available will vary.

· MONDAY evenings (after 5:00) and SATURDAY hours are reserved for Doctor services/appointments only. No other services will be available, including eyewear pick-up.

Thank you again for your patience as we work to provide for your eye needs and balance that with patient and staff safety. We will continue monitoring the information from the CDC to make the most informed decisions.